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Top 8 Mountains in Tibet

Top Mountains in Tibet

There are so many sacred places in Tibet. Some are historic sites and others are mythological sites. Whatever there are, you can always see the evidence of those events. In fact, every huge mountain, river, and lake has ancient names with breathtaking stories, although some are just folk tales. Tibetan Buddhism influences many places. In fact, there are hundreds of sacred mountains, rivers, and lakes throughout the Tibetan region.

Mount Everest in Tibet

Mount Kailash

Mount Kailasha is located in Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture. It is also known as Gang Rinpoche in Tibetan which means “The Precious Jewel of Snow”. Mount Kailash’s morphology plays a significant role in defining the mountain as sacred; the shape is a perfect dome covered in snow. The mountain is 6,638 m high above sea level. It is the source of four major rivers which flow in four cardinal directions. These rivers flow at south Karnali and Ganges river, at north Indus river, at west Sutlej river and at east Brahmaputra river or Tsangpo.

It is surrounded by a vast plateau that stands alone. In summer, the mountain landscape and its surroundings are breathtakingly picturesque and peaceful.

Why is Mount Kailash a sacred mountain?

Four different religions revere Mount Kailash, including Hinduism, Jains, Tibetan Buddhism, and Bon Buddhism. Hindus believe that Mount Kailash is the abode of Lord Shiva and his consort Parvati. They worship the sacred mountain by pilgrimage to the base for once.

Tibetan Buddhists believe that it is the manifestation of Mount Meru and the spiritual center of the universe. It is the navel of the world around which everything evolves. Tibetan Buddhists circumambulate around the mountain, which they believe increases their merit by completing the full circumambulation or kora. The kora or full circumambulation is a 32-mile hike. The highest mountain point accessible to humans is 19,500 feet.

The Jains believe that their first prophet achieved enlightenment at Mount Kailash. Bon followers believe that their religion’s founder descended here from heaven. They also circumambulate around the mountain anti-clockwise. Every year, thousands of visitors visit the sacred mountain. It is one of Tibet’s busiest sites.

Mount Kailash

Kawa Karpo

Kawa Karpo mountain is located in Dechen County of Yunnan Province. It is one of the highest mountains in Yunnan Province at an altitude of 6,000 meters above sea level. Kawa Karpo is a sacred mountain for Buddhists and Hindus. It has many mythical stories but most believe it to be the spiritual resting place for the God of warriors. Some believe that it was a place where the Buddhist deity Khorlo Demchok defeated Lord Shiva in an epic battle.

Nevertheless, the Kawa Karpo Mount attracts thousands of devotees and tourists every year. It is an astounding sight to see the beauty of the mountain and its surroundings. There are so many holy sites to explore in the mountains. There are a few monasteries built in the foothills of Kawa Karpo.


Karwa Karpo

Minya Gongkar Mountain

 Minya Gongkar Mountain is also known as Mount Gongga and is situated in the southern part of Kangding in Sichuan Province. It is the highest mountain in Sichuan Province at an altitude of 7,556 m above sea level. Minya Gongkar is one of the sacred mountains in the Kham region. Minya is a small town in eastern Tibet and Gongkar means white snow mountain.

 It is deemed the holy mountain by Tibetan Buddhists. They believe that Minya Gongkar is the physical manifestation of Dorje Lutru which is a mountain god or deity. At the foothills of the mountains, there is a beautiful monastery known as the Minya Gongkar Monastery. Every year, a large number of believers and non-believers visit Minya Gongkar for pilgrimage and trekking. In the last decade, many mountaineers died trying to climb but only a few had succeeded.

Amnye Machen Mountain

Amnye Mache Mountain is located northwest of Machen County, Golok Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Qinghai Province, China. It is traditionally located in the state of Amdo in Tibet. It is the highest mountain in Qinghai Province and the mountain range has around thirteen mountain peaks, the highest one is elevated about 6282 meters above sea level. These high mountains are covered in snow throughout the seasons. The Amnye means grandfather in the Amdo Tibetan dialect and the Machen means large scar. 

According to the Amnye Machen history, the Amnye Machen is the place where the legendary King Gesar, known for his war prowess and magical powers, spent the majority of his life. Tibetan legend also describes an ancient feud between the mountain god Amnye Machen and Nyenbo Yurtse. Intent on marrying Amnye Machen’s daughter, Nyenbo Yurtse secretly snatched Amnye Machen’s daughter away, without Amnye Machen’s permission.

A battle ensued between the two mountain gods, in which Nyenbo Yotse slashed Amnye Machen’s forehead with his knife. Thus, this sacred site, and the mountain god residing within it, was named Amnye Machen – ‘Amnye’ means ‘grandfather’ and is a respectful term for an elderly man. ‘Machen’ means ‘large scar,’ so named because Amnye Machen received a large scar on his forehead from Nyenbo Yurtse’s knife. It is one of the most sacred deities in the Amdo area. 

 Every year many tourists and pilgrims circumambulate the entire mountain range. It takes around one week to walk around the mountain by walking. Since there is no clear path and it is easy to get lost, tourists need a local guide to navigate around the mountain.

These days, there are times when you have to walk on the national highway and rough roads. There are some famous places around the mountain like Dhardu Thang which is located west of the mountain. Historically it was the place where King Gesar prayed for the deity Macha Pumra by offering sung (smoke) in Tibetan. This is known as incense burning. There is a huge place displaying prayer flags all around it.

Amnye Machen Mountain

Mount Everest

Mount Everest is the highest mountain peak in the world, located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas in Tibet. At 8,848m (29,029ft) it is the tallest mountain on Earth and has long been a source of inspiration for mountaineers and adventurers all over the world.

Located in one of the most remote and inaccessible places in the world, Mount Everest has a long history of exploration and discovery. The first recorded attempt to reach the summit was made in 1921 by George Mallory and Andrew Irvine, who were eventually lost in the attempt. The first successful ascent of the peak was achieved in 1953 by the New Zealander Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay of Nepal.

Since the first successful summit of Everest, mountaineers have flocked to the area in an attempt to reach the top of the mountain. With modern technology and improved equipment, the climb has become much easier and safer than it was during the early days of exploration.

The scenery around Everest is breathtaking, with some of the most stunning views in the world. The views of the snow-capped peak from nearby villages and towns are simply beautiful. The surrounding area is also home to some of the world’s most unique wildlife, including the snow leopard and the red panda.

Mount Everest is an incredible natural wonder and a symbol of human achievement and exploration. Whether you’re a seasoned climber looking for an adventure, or just an enthusiastic tourist looking to take in the incredible views, a trip to Mount Everest is sure to be an unforgettable experience.

Everest Base Camp

Nyenchen Tanglha

Nyenchen Thanglha Mountain is a towering peak that reaches a height of 7,162 meters (23,494 feet). It is located in the Nyenchen Thanglha Mountain Range, which is a part of the Trans-Himalaya Mountains. The mountain range stretches for over 1,500 kilometers (932 miles), and it is home to some of the most stunning landscapes in Tibet.

The Nyenchen Thanglha Mountain is known for its snow-capped peak, which is visible from miles away. The mountain is surrounded by glaciers, lakes, and rivers, which add to its breathtaking beauty. The peak is also home to a wide variety of wildlife, including snow leopards, Tibetan antelopes, and Himalayan bears.

The Nyenchen Thanglha Mountain is not just a natural wonder; it also has a rich cultural significance. The mountain is considered to be a sacred site by the Tibetan people, and it is believed to be the home of the mountain god Nyenchen Thanglha. The mountain is also an important pilgrimage site for Tibetan Buddhists, who believe that the mountain is a gateway to the heavens.

If you are planning a trip to Tibet, visiting the Nyenchen Thanglha Mountain should be on your itinerary. The best time to visit the mountain is during the summer months when the weather is mild and the skies are clear. There are several trekking routes that will take you to the mountain, and you can also hire a guide to take you to the peak.

mountains of Tibet

Namcha Barwa

Namcha Barwa is a majestic peak located in the Himalayan mountain range, in the Nyingchi Prefecture of Tibet. This peak is one of the most significant and awe-inspiring mountains in the region, with a height of 7,782 meters (25,531 feet). It is known for its unique shape, geology, and cultural significance.

Namcha Barwa is located in the eastern part of the Himalayas, in the Namcha Barwa Himal range. It is situated in the Nyingchi Prefecture of Tibet, which is known for its stunning natural beauty and rich cultural heritage. The peak is surrounded by dense forests, deep gorges, and steep cliffs, making it a challenging and exciting destination for mountaineers and adventurers.

Namcha Barwa is one of the highest peaks in the Himalayan range, with a height of 7,782 meters (25,531 feet). It is the 28th-highest peak in the world and the 14th-highest peak in the Himalayas. The peak is known for its steep and challenging climb, which requires experienced mountaineers and advanced equipment.

Namcha Barwa is known for its unique shape and geology. The peak has a sharp and narrow ridge, with steep cliffs and vertical walls. The mountain is also known for its deep and narrow gorges, which are some of the deepest in the world. The peak is also considered to be a sacred site by the local Tibetan people, who believe that it is the dwelling place of the gods.

Namcha Barwa is a significant cultural site for the Tibetan people, who have lived in the region for thousands of years. The mountain is considered to be a sacred site and is often visited by pilgrims and spiritual seekers. The local people believe that the mountain is the dwelling place of the gods and that it has healing powers. There are many legends and myths associated with the peak, which add to its cultural significance.

There are many stories and legends associated with Namcha Barwa, which reflect the rich cultural heritage of the region. According to one legend, the mountain was created by a goddess who was searching for her lost son. She threw a spear into the ground, and the mountain rose up from the earth. Another legend tells the story of a group of hunters who were chasing a deer. The deer led them to the mountain, where they were transformed into monkeys and still live there to this day.


mountains in Tibet

In conclusion, the mountains of Tibet are some of the most awe-inspiring natural wonders on Earth. They are home to some of the highest peaks in the world, and their rugged terrain and unique climate have shaped the region’s history, culture, and way of life.

From the majestic Mount Everest to the sacred Mount Kailash, these mountains continue to captivate the imaginations of people around the world, and they remain a source of inspiration for adventurers, spiritual seekers, and nature lovers alike. While the mountains of Tibet face many environmental challenges, there is hope that through responsible stewardship and conservation efforts, they will continue to be a vital part of our planet’s natural heritage for generations to come.

mountains of Tibet